شناسایی مؤلفه ‏ها و سنجش روابط ابعاد زیست بوم کارآفرینی دانشجویی

نوع مقاله : مقالات پژوهشی آمیخته

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری کارآفرینی دانشکده علوم انسانی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ساری

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

چکیده

هدف از انجام پژوهش، شناسایی مؤلفه‏ها و سنجش روابط بین ابعاد زیست‏بوم کارآفرینی دانشجویی در دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد است. این پژوهش از نظر نوع هدف کاربردی و از نظر نحوه گردآوری داده‏ها آمیخته- اکتشافی است. در بخش کیفی، ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات مصاحبه نیمه­ساخت­یافته با 13 نفر از اساتید و خبرگان زیست­بوم کارآفرینی بود که با روش گلوله برفی انتخاب شدند و در بخش کمی با استفاده از پرسشنامه مقایسه‏های زوجی و با روش DEMATEL، روابط بین ابعاد زیست‏بوم کارآفرینی دانشجویی با توجه به نظرات خبرگان، تعیین و شبکه‌ روابط به‌صورتی یکپارچه طراحی و در قالب الگویی ارائه گردید که بیانگر شدت اثر ابعاد بر هم می‌باشد. این پژوهش در بازه زمانی تابستان 1399 انجام شده است و بر اساس یافته‌ها،74 مؤلفه در 9 بعد حمایت و پشتیبانی، آموزش و یادگیری، پژوهش و فناوری، رویدادها و اجتماعات، فرهنگی و اجتماعی، قوانین و مقررات، سیاست‏گذاری، منابع مالی و نهادها، شبکه‏ها و تعاملات شناسایی شد؛ همچنین بر اساس نتایج به‏دست آمده از روش دیمتل مشخص شد که 5 بعد آموزش و یادگیری، پژوهش و فناوری، سیاست‏گذاری، قوانین و مقررات و منابع مالی به‌عنوان ابعاد اثرگذار یا علت‌ها و 4 بعد حمایت و پشتیبانی، رویدادها و اجتماعات، فرهنگی و اجتماعی و نهادها، شبکه‏ها و تعاملات به عنوان ابعاد اثرپذیر یا معلول‌ها در زیست‏بوم کارآفرینی دانشجویی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد شناخته می‌شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying Components and Measuring Relationships of Student Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Dimensions

نویسندگان [English]

  • ehsan salari 1
  • mohammad salehi 2
  • maryam Taghvaeeyazdi 2
1 PhD Student in Entrepreneurship, Sari Azad University
2 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Management, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch, Mazandaran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to identify the components and measure the relationships between the dimensions of the student entrepreneurship ecosystem at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. This research is mixed-exploratory in terms of the type of applied purpose and in terms of how to collect data. In the qualitative section, the data collection tool was a semi-structured interview with 13 professors and entrepreneurial ecology experts who were selected by the snowball method. In the quantitative section, using the pairwise comparison questionnaire and the DEMATEL method, The dimensions of the student entrepreneurship ecosystem were determined according to the opinions of experts, and the network of relationships was designed in an integrated way and presented in the form of a model that indicates the intensity of the effect of the dimensions on each other. This research was conducted in the summer of 1399 and based on the findings, 74 components in 9 dimensions of support, education and learning, research and technology, events and communities, cultural and social, rules and regulations, policy, financial resources And institutions, networks, and interactions were identified; Also, based on the results obtained from the Demetel method, it was found that 5 dimensions of education and learning, research and technology, policy, laws and regulations and financial resources as effective dimensions or causes and 4 dimensions of support, events and communities, Cultural and social institutions, networks and interactions are known as effective dimensions or effects in the student entrepreneurship ecosystem of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
  • DEMATEL technique
  • Student Entrepreneurship Ecosystem
  • Entrepreneurship ecosystem
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