شناسایی شبکه اجتماعی کارآفرینان در خروج‌کارآفرینانه

نوع مقاله: مقالات پژوهشی- کیفی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری کارآفرینی دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

خروج کارآفرینانه بخش مهمی از فرآیند کارآفرینی است که تأثیر بسزایی بر کارآفرین، بنگاه، صنایع مختلف و اقتصاد کلان هر کشور دارد. با این حال تحقیقات کمی در این حوزه انجام‌ شده وپژوهشگران به طور خاص به نقش شبکه‌های اجتماعی کارآفرینان بر خروج، کمتر توجه کرده‌اند. منظور از شبکه اجتماعی کارآفرینان، تمامی ‌افرادی است که با کارآفرین در ارتباطند. این افراد می‌تواند شامل شرکا، عرضه‌کنندگان، مشتریان، سرمایه‌گذاران، توزیع کنندگان، انجمن‌های تجاری، اعضای خانواده، دوستان و مشاورین باشد. هدف از انجام این پژوهش، شناسایی نقش شبکه‌های اجتماعی و عوامل مرتبط با آن بر خروج کارآفرینانه است. این پژوهش از نظر هدف کاربردی و از لحاظ روش کیفی- روایتی است. جامعه آماری تحقیق کارآفرینان شهر تهران هستند که حداقل یک بار تجربه خروج از کسب‌و‌کار در شرایطی که بنگاه از عملکرد اقتصادی مطلوبی برخوردار بوده، داشته‌اند. نمونه‌های پژوهش با استفاده از روش گلوله‌برفی انتخاب شدند. در این پژوهش برای گردآوری داده‌ها از مصاحبه نیمه‌ساختار‌یافته استفاده ‌شده‌ است که پس از مصاحبه با 12 نفر، اشباع نظری حاصل شد. تحلیل و کدگذاری داده‌ها به شناسایی هفت مؤلفه مرتبط با شبکه اجتماعی انجامید که در فرآیند خروج نقش دارند. این مؤلفه‌ها عبارتند از: تفاوت‌ها و تضادهای بین شرکا، عدم تعهد شرکا به کسب‌و‌کار، کمبود تجربه و مهارت شرکا، حمایت عاطفی خانواده در زمان خروج، تعارض نقش شغلی- خانوادگی شرکا، دریافت بازخورد از مشتریان و حمایت حرفه‌ای و عاطفی دوستان در زمان خروج.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying Entrepreneurs’ Social Network in Entrepreneurial Exit

نویسندگان [English]

  • Negar Khosravi 1
  • Kambiz Talebi 2
  • Narges Imanipour 3
  • S. Mojtaba Sajjadi 3
1 Entrepreneurship faculty- Tehran university- Tehran- iran
2 faculty of Entrepreneurship- Tehran university
3 Faculty of Entrepreneurship- Tehran university
چکیده [English]

Entrepreneurial exit is an important part of the entrepreneurial process that has a remarkable impact on the entrepreneur, enterprise, various industries and macroeconomics of each country. However, little research has been done in this area; In particular, researchers have paid less attention to the role of the entrepreneurs' social networks on exit. Entrepreneur’s social network is defined as the totality of all persons connected to entrepreneur and include partners, suppliers, customers, venture capitals, distributors, business associations, family members, friends& Advisors. The purpose of this study is to identify the role of social networks and its related factors on entrepreneurial exit. This research in terms of purpose is applied and in terms of method is qualitative-narrative. The statistical population of the study consisted of entrepreneurs in Tehran who had at least one experience of leaving the business in conditions of good economic performance. Research samples were selected using the snowball technique. Semi-structured interviews were also used to collect the data. After interviewing with 12 person theoretical saturation was achieved. Data analysis and coding led to the identification of seven components related to the social network that are involved in the exit process. These seven components are: differences and conflicts between partners, partners' lack of commitment to their business, partners' lack of experience and skills, family emotional support at the time of exit, family role conflict of business partners, customer’s feedback, and professional and emotional support from friends at the time of exit.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurial exit
  • Social network
  • family network
  • business partners
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