تاثیر ویژگی های ساختاری تیم کارآفرینانه بر عملکرد کسب و کارهای فعال در صنعت فناوری اطلاعات: تبیین جایگاه محیط و شبکه کارآفرینانه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی - کمی

نویسندگان

1 هیت علمی دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

2 کسب و کار جدید، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجو

چکیده

تیم کارآفرینانه، رایج‌ترین نهاد بنیان‌گذار کسب‌وکار در صنعت فناوری اطلاعات است. تشکیل کسب‌و‌کار توسط تیم‌کارآفرینانه، آثار مثبتی در نتایج عملکرد آن دارد. با این‌حال، در زمینه فناوری اطلاعات توافق چندانی در مورد تأثیر ویژگی‌های ساختاری تیم کارآفرینانه بر عملکرد کسب‌وکار وجود ندارد. پژوهش حاضر، از نظر هدف کاربردی بوده و از منظر گردآوری داده‌ها توصیفی-همبستگی است. داده‌ها با استفاده از ابزار پرسش‌نامه محقق‌ساخته و با روش تصادفی ساده، از 98 نفر ازمدیران کسب‌و‌کار فعال در صنعت فناوری اطلاعات در شهر تهران که به‌طور تیمی راه‌اندازی و اداره می‌شدند، گردآوری شده و تحلیل داده‌ها با رویکرد مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری انجام یافته است. آلفای کرونباخ برای تمامی سازه‌ها بالاتر از 7/0 و مقدار میانگین واریانس استخراج شده بالاتر از 5/0 بوده و روایی و پایایی سازه‌ها تأیید شد. دلیل تناقضات پیشین، عدم تبیین ساز‌وکار تأثیر ساختار تیم کارآفرینانه بر عملکرد کسب‌و‌کار است. براساس نتایج، اندازه و تنوع تیم کارآفرینانه هم‌زمان که از پویایی محیط تأثیر می‌پذیرد، از طریق ایجاد دسترسی بالاتر به منابع ناشی از شبکه کارآفرینانه گسترده‌تری که خود معلول اندازه بزرگ‌تر و تنوع بیشتر تیم کارآفرینانه است، عملکرد کسب‌و‌کار را تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The impact of the structural characteristics of the entrepreneurial team on the performance of IT business: the role of the environmental dynamism and entrepreneurial network

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Mohammad kazemi 2
  • Mehdi Alizadeh 3
2 New business creation, Faculty of entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, Faculty of
3 Ph.D candidate/Faculty of Entrepreneurship/University of Tehran/Tehran/Iran
چکیده [English]

The entrepreneurial team is the prevailing form of business foundation in the IT industry. Therefore, much of the attention drawn by the entrepreneurial team in the IT context. Despite positive performance impact of the structure of the entrepreneurial team found in the traditional context, there was little reconciliation among studies in the IT context. Data gathered using a made questionnaire randomly, from a sample of 98 founders in IT firms founded by an entrepreneurial team in Tehran. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) used to analyze data. Cronbach’s alpha for all constructs was over 0.7 and Average Variance Extracted (AVE) for them was well above the threshold of 0.5, providing support for both the reliability and validity of data gathering tool. This study revealed that the lack of explanations on the mechanism by which the structure of the entrepreneurial team affects performance was the source of contradictions. Our results show that the size and the diversity of the entrepreneurial team, affected by the level of environmental dynamism, affect the level of access to resources via the creation of the entrepreneurial network and leads to superior performance results.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Business environment
  • Entrepreneurial Network
  • Entrepreneurial team
  • Performance

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