ارزیابی عوامل مؤثر بر ظرفیت تاب‏ آوری کسب‏ و‏‏کارهای کوچک و متوسط (مورد مطالعه: قطعه‏ سازان صنعت خودرو)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی - کمی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

2 استادیار دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

3 کارشناسی ارشد کارآفرینی دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

تاب‌آوری، یکی از مفاهیم مهم و حیاتی در علوم مختلف می‌باشد که در سال‌های اخیر توسط محققان حوزه کسب‌وکار و سازمان، مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. تاب‌آوری به معنای ظرفیت یک کسب‌وکار برای زنده ماندن، انطباق و پایداری، در مواجه شدن  با تغییرات آشفته و پرتلاطم است. این پژوهش با هدف ارزیابی عوامل مؤثر بر ظرفیت تاب‌آوری کسب‌وکارهای کوچک و متوسط فعال در حوزه تولید قطعات خودرو صورت گرفته است. براین اساس، تحقیق حاضر بر مبنای هدف، کاربردی بوده و برمبنای طرح تحقیق توصیفی- پیمایشی انجام شده است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش قطعه‌سازان صنعت خودرو در کشوراند.. با استفاده از فرمول کوکران، 99 شرکت به روش نمونه‏گیری تصادفی ساده مورد تحلیل قرار گرفتند. پس از توزیع و جمع‌آوری پرسشنامه‌های استاندارد تحقیق، برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از روش مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری و نرم‌افزارSmartPLS3  استفاده  شد. یافته‌های پژوهش بیانگر آن است که دارایی‌ها و منابع سازمان 34درصد، و رقابت‌پذیری پویای سازمان 5/41درصد از تغییرات تاب‌آوری کسب‌وکارهای کوچک و متوسط را تبیین می‌کنند. این در حالی است که متغیر یادگیری و فرهنگ، تأثیر معناداری بر ظرفیت تاب‏آوری نداشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing Factors Affecting Small and Medium Enterprises' Resilience Capacity (A study of Automotive Suppliers)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hasti Chitsazan 1
  • Ali Davari 2
  • Mohammad Jalali 3
1 Assistant Prof., Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Prof., Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
3 MSc. in Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Resilience is one of the most important concepts in different sciences, which have been studied by researchers in the field of business and organization in recent years. The resilience is the capacity of a business to survive, adapt and sustain when faced with turbulent and volatile changes. This study aims to assess the small and medium enterprises’ resilience capacity in automotive suppliers. Accordingly, the current research based on the objective is an applied research and is conducted on descriptive survey design. The population of this study was all SMEs active in the field of automotive suppliers in Iran. Using Cochran's formula, 99 companies were selected by simple random sampling. After distributing and collecting standard questionnaires, Structural equation modeling and Smart PLS3 software were used to analyze the data. Findings showed that the dynamic competitiveness, assets and resourcefulness of small and medium enterprises explain 34 percen and 41.5 percent of their resilience changes, respectively. The effect of learning and culture on resilience capacity has not been meaningful.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • resilience
  • Assets and resourcefulness
  • Dynamic competitiveness
  • Automotive suppliers
  • Learning and culture
پارساپور، سارا؛ براتی، جواد و رسول‏زاده، مریم. (1396). عوامل اثرگذار بر پایداری بنگاه‌های کوچک و کارآفرین، مورد مطالعه: بنگاه‌های صنعتی شهرستان مشهد. توسعه کارآفرینی، 10(1): 41-60.

ورمزیاری، حجت و ایمانی، بابک. (1396). تحلیل تاب ‌آوری کسب‌وکارهای روستایی در شهرستان ملکان. توسعه کارآفرینی، 10(1): 181-200.

Aleksić, A., Stefanović, M., Arsovski, S., & Tadić, D. (2013). An assessment of organizational resilience potential in SMEs of the process industry, a fuzzy approach. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries26(6): 1238-1245.

Annarelli, A., & Nonino, F. (2016). Strategic and operational management of organizational resilience: Current state of research and future directions. Omega, 62(3): 1-18.

Asgary, A., Azimi, N., & Anjum, M. I. (2013). Measuring small businesses disaster resiliency: case of small businesses impacted by the 2010 flood in Pakistan. International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management4(2): 170-187.

Ates, A., & Bititci, U. (2011). Change process: a key enabler for building resilient SMEs. International Journal of Production Research, 49(18): 5601-5618.

Bhamra, R., Dani, S., & Burnard, K. (2011). Resilience: the concept, a literature review and future directions. International Journal of Production Research49(18): 5375-5393.

Burnard, K., & Bhamra, R. (2011). Organisational resilience: development of a conceptual framework for organisational responses. International Journal of Production Research, 49(18): 5581-5599.

Carvalho, H., Barroso, A. P., Machado, V. H., Azevedo, S., & Cruz-Machado, V. (2012). Supply chain redesign for resilience using simulation. Computers & Industrial Engineering62(1): 329-341.

Chin, W. W. (1998). The partial least squares approach to structural equation modeling. Modern methods for business research295(2): 295-336.

Christopher, M., Peck, H., & Towill, D. (2006). A taxonomy for selecting global supply chain strategies. The International Journal of Logistics Management17(2):277-287.

Conz, E., Denicolai, S., & Zucchella, A. (2016). Innovation strategies for resilient SMEs: A case study in the Italian wine industry. In 9th Academy of Wine Business Research Conference (p. 76).

De Oliveira Teixeira, E., & Werther, W. B. (2013). Resilience: Continuous renewal of competitive advantages. Business Horizons56(3): 333-342.

Demmer, W. A., Vickery, S. K., & Calantone, R. (2011). Engendering resilience in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs): a case study of Demmer Corporation. International Journal of Production Research, 49(18): 5395-5413.

Elola, A., Parrilli, M. D., & Rabellotti, R. (2013). The resilience of clusters in the context of increasing globalization: The Basque wind energy value chain. European Planning Studies21(7): 989-1006.

Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. (1981). Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39-50.

Garmestani, A. S., Allen, C. R., Mittelstaedt, J. D., Stow, C. A., & Ward, W. A. (2006). Firm size diversity, functional richness, and resilience. Environment and Development Economics, 11(4): 533-551.

Halt, S. L., & Milstein, M. B. (1999). Glohal Sustainability and the Creative Destruction of Industries. Sloan Management Review, 41(1), 23-33.

Hamel, G., & Valikangas, L. (2003). The quest for resilience. Harvard business review (81 (September–October)), 52–65.

Herbane, B. (2010). Small business research: Time for a crisis-based view. International Small Business Journal, 28(1): 43-64.

Huggins, R., & Thompson, P. (2015). Local entrepreneurial resilience and culture: the role of social values in fostering economic recovery. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society8(2): 313-330.

Huggins, R., & Thompson, P. (2015). Local entrepreneurial resilience and culture: the role of social values in fostering economic recovery. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society8(2): 313-330.

Iakovou, E., Vlachos, D., & Xanthopoulos, A. (2007). An analytical methodological framework for the optimal design of resilient supply chains. International Journal of Logistics Economics and Globalisation1(1): 1-20.

Keller, S., & Price, C. (2011). Beyond performance: How great organizations build ultimate competitive advantage: John Wiley & Sons.

Mallak, L. (1998). Resilience in the Healthcare Industry. Paper Presented at the 7th Annual Industrial Engineering Research Conference, Banff, Alberta, Canada, 9–10 May.

Moore, S. B., & Manring, S. L. (2009). Strategy development in small and medium sized enterprises for sustainability and increased value creation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 17(2): 276-282.

Pal, R., Torstensson, H., & Mattila, H. (2014). Antecedents of organizational resilience in economic crises—an empirical study of Swedish textile and clothing SMEs. International Journal of Production Economics, 147: 410-428.

Peck, H. (2006). Reconciling supply chain vulnerability, risk and supply chain management. International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, 9(2): 127-142.

Ponomarov, S. Y., & Holcomb, M. C. (2009). Understanding the concept of supply chain resilience. International Journal of Logistics Management, 20(1): 124-143.

Ringle, C. M., Wende, S., & Becker, J. M. (2015). SmartPLS 3. Boenningstedt: SmartPLS GmbH, http://www. smartpls.com.

Rose, A., & Krausmann, E. (2013). An economic framework for the development of a resilience index for business recovery. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 2(5): 73-83.

Scholten, K., Sharkey Scott, P., & Fynes, B. (2014). Mitigation processes–antecedents for building supply chain resilience. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal19(2): 211-228.

Sheffi, Y., & Rice Jr, J. B. (2005). A supply chain view of the resilient enterprise. MIT Sloan Management Review, 47(1): 41-48.

Southwick, F. S., Martini, B. L., Charney, D. S., & Southwick, S. M. (2017). Leadership and resilience. In Leadership today(pp. 315-333). Springer, Cham.

Sullivan-Taylor, B., & Branicki, L. (2011). Creating resilient SMEs: why one size might not fit all. International Journal of Production Research, 49(18): 5565-5579.

Tenenhaus, M., Vinzi, V. E., Chatelin, Y. M., & Lauro, C. (2005). PLS path modeling. Computational statistics & data analysis48(1): 159-205.

Van Gils, A. (2005). Management and Governance in Dutch SMEs. European Management Journal, 23(5): 583-589.