مفهوم‌پردازی "کنش کارآفرینانه"

نوع مقاله: مقالات پژوهشی- کیفی

نویسندگان

1 گروه کارآفرینی فناورانه، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 گروه کارآفرینی فناورانه، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران

3 گروه فناوری، دانشکده کارآفرینی،دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

کنش، لازمه‌ی کارآفرینی است؛با این وجود قلمروی پژوهشی کارآفرینی بیشتر به مطالعه‌ی افراد و موقعیت‌ها پرداخته‌است. با روشن شدنِ ناکارآمدی سنن پیشین مطالعاتی،روند پژوهش درباره فرآیند و کنش کارآفرینانه افزایش یافته ولی پژوهش‌های این جریان یا به ارائه تعریفی از کنش کارآفرینانه نپرداخته یا از چشم‌اندازِ تئوریک خود به آن نگاه کرده‌اند.از آن‌جایی که وجود تعریف روشن و فراگیر و شفافیت سازه لازمه پیشرفت تئوری‌پردازی و تعمیم‌پذیری یافته‌هاست، این پژوهش درصدد است با بهره‌گیری از روش مرور سیستماتیک ادبیات و روش تحلیل مضمون، تعاریف گوناگون و گزاره‌های ارائه‌شده پیرامون مفهوم کنش کارآفرینانه را شناسایی و مورد تجزیه‌و‌تحلیل قرار دهد تا با بهره‌گیری از رویکرد یکپارچه‌سازی تعریفی از آن پیشنهاد نماید.هدف این پژوهش ارائه مفهومی از کنش کارآفرینانه بر اساس ادبیات پژوهشی است و از این رو بنیادی و از نظر گردآوری اطلاعات تحلیل مضمون-کیفی به شمار می‌آید. برای شناسایی مقالات از پایگاه داده Scopus ، شاخص‌هایی اعمال شد که در نهایت به مجموع 256 مقاله در مجلات برتر بین‌المللی رسیدیم. پس از مطالعه چکیده، 27 مقاله برای تحلیل درونی‌متنی برگزیده‌شدند. اجزاء و ابعاد کنش کارآفرینانه در این مقالات پس از گذر از فرآیند کدگذاری در هفت مقوله اصلی دسته‌بندی شدند: مقدمات و شرایط علی، زمینه، منطق‌ها واستراتژی‌های کنش کارآفرینانه،ابعاد رفتاری،ذهنی، ویژگی‌ها و پیامدهای آن.بر اساس مفاهیم و مقولات شناسایی‌شده در پژوهش‌ها،تعریفی با رویکرد یکپارچه‌سازی از کنش کارآفرینانه پیشنهاد شده‌است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Conceptualization of "Entrepreneurial Action"

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abolghasem Arabiun 1
  • Ali Mobini Dehkordi 2
  • Niloofar Salajegheh 3
1 Department of Technological Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Entrepreneurship , University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Technological Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran
3 Department of Technological entrepreneurship. Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Action is the perquisite for entrepreneurial action; however, the scholarly field of entrepreneurship has focused on studying individuals and situations. As the inefficiencies of these traditions became evident, there has been an increasing attention to the entrepreneurial process and action but these studies either have not defined it or have defined it based on their own theoretical perspective. As having clear and comprehensive definition and construct clarity is the perquisite for making progress in theorizing and generalizing findings, the present study, using systematic literature review and thematic analysis, aims at investigating the definitions proposed for entrepreneurial action and offer a definition based on an integrative approach. This article intends to offer a conceptual definition of entrepreneurial action based on the literature and so is a fundamental research and from the research method point of view is a theme analysis-qualitative research. To identify articles in Scopus database, we consider some criteria that lead us to 256 article in international leading journals. After studying the abstracts, 27 articles were selected for content analysis. Elements and aspects of entrepreneurial action provided in these articles were coded and categorized in the following 7 major classes: preliminaries and causal conditions, context, logics and strategies of entrepreneurial action, behavioral and mental aspects and their outcomes. Based on these categories of concepts, a definition is provided for entrepreneurial action with integrating approach which includes the identified elements and categories.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurial action
  • Decision making
  • Purposeful behavior
  • Systematic literature review

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