عوامل خروج کارآفرینان: تلفیق نگاه فردی-محیطی

نوع مقاله: مقالات پژوهشی- کیفی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

3 استادیار دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش بررسی عوامل خروج کارآفرینان در کسب و کارها می باشد. خروج کارآفرینانه به عنوان یک جزء جدایی ناپذیر از فرآیند کارآفرینی در سال های اخیر مورد توجه محققان این رشته بوده است. این پژوهش از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر گردآوری داده‌ها کیفی اکتشافی می باشد. اطلاعات این پژوهش از طریق مصاحبه با بیست و دو نفر از کارآفرینان در حوزه های مختلف صنعت، خدمات و فناوری‌های پیشرفته که از حداقل یک تجربه خروج کارآفرینانه برخوردار بوده اند گردآوری شده است. بعد از انجام مصاحبه ها، اطلاعات جمع آوری شده با استفاده از کدگذاری باز مورد تحلیل و ارزیابی قرار گرفت، و در نهایت به ۱۳ مقوله اصلی که همان عوامل خروج کارآفرینانه می باشد، منتج شد. یافته های تحقیق بیانگر این است که روحیه کارآفرینانه، فضای کسب و کار، آموزش و تجربه بین المللی از جمله عوامل مؤثر بر تصمیم‌گیری خروج توسط کارآفرینان می باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Entrepreneurs' Exit Factors: A Synthesis of Individual-Environmental View

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad saeed Mohaghegh Neyshabouri 1
  • Kambeiz Talebi 2
  • Seyyed Mojtaba Sajjadi 3
1 M.A. in Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Iran
2 Professor,Faculty of Entrepreneurship,University of Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor,Faculty of Entrepreneurship,University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to identify the drivers of entrepreneurs' exit. Entrepreneurial exit as an integral part of the entrepreneurial process, in recent years, has been reached lots of interest among researchers in this field. This study is applied in terms of purpose and qualitative in terms of data gathering. All the information in this research has been collected through interviews with 22 entrepreneurs in various spheres of industry, services and advanced technologies who had experienced entrepreneurial exits. After interviews, the data were analyzed and evaluated using open coding, , and finally resulted in 13 main categories in the factors affecting the choice of exit strategy in successful entrepreneurial businesses. The analysis of qualitative data indicates that the entrepreneurial spirit, business environment, education and international experiences are from the most important drivers of selecting exit strategies by entrepreneurs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Business exit
  • Entrepreneurial exit
  • qualitative approach
  • Serial entrepreneurship

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