شناسایی شیوه های آموزش کارآفرینی در حیطه ی یادگیری عاطفی با رویکرد «آموزش از طریق تفریحات سالم»

نوع مقاله: مقالات پژوهشی- کیفی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشیار دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

با توجه به نقش انکارناپذیر آموزش در توسعه‌ی جوامع، شناسایی شیوه‌های آموزش مقوله‌ای ارزشمند است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف شناسایی شیوه‌های آموزش کارآفرینی در حیطه‌ی عاطفی یادگیری با رویکرد «آموزش از طریق تفریحات سالم» صورت گرفته است. حیطه‌ی عاطفی یادگیری در دسته‌بندی سطوح یادگیری بلوم (1956) در کنار حیطه‌های یادگیری‌ شناختی و روان-حرکتی مطرح می شود. در این پژوهش که از نظر روش، کیفی است، با استفاده از مصاحبه‌های نیمه‌ساختاریافته، تجربیات بیان‌شده‌ی 13 نفر از خبرگان حوزه‌ی آموزش و کارآفرینی مستند شده و برای تحلیل روایت‌ها از روش کدگذاری و مقوله‌سازی استفاده شده است. نتایج به دست آمده نشان می‌دهد که اعضای نمونه‌ی آماری تحقیق از چهار شیوه‌ی آموزش کارآفرینی مطابق با رویکرد آموزش از طریق تفریحات سالم استفاده می‌کنند که در حیطه‌ی عاطفی یادگیری دانش‌آموزان است. شیوه‌های آموزش شناسایی‌شده شامل «سخنران میهمان»، «کارگاه آموزشی»، «ایفای نقش» و «بازدید علمی» است. شناخت مناسب این شیوه‌ها هم به مدرسان کارآفرینی و هم به سیاست‌گذاران آموزشی در تدوین برنامه‌ها و طرح درس‌های کارآفرینی کمک می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of Entrepreneurship Teaching Methods in Affective Domain of Learning Through Edutainment Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Aida Ahmadi 1
  • Reza Mohammadkazemi 2
  • Ghanbar Mohammadi Elyasi 2
1 M.A Graduate in Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran
2 Associate Professor of Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Considering the undeniable role of education in the development of societies, identifying educational methods is a worthwhile topic. The principal objective of this research is to identify the methods of entrepreneurial teaching in affective learning domain using the "Edutainment" approach. The affective domain is mentioned in Bloom's learning taxonomy (1956) beside cognitive and psycho-motor domains. In this study, which is conducted using a qualitative method, the experiences of 13 of the experts in the field of education and entrepreneurship has been documented through semi-structured interviews and the coding method has been used for analyzing the experiences. The results indicate that teachers employ 4 accordant methods with the Edutainment approach for teaching entrepreneurship in the affective learning domain of students which are guest lecturer, educational workshop, role-playing and field trips. Recognizing these entrepreneurial teaching methods can aid both entrepreneurship tutors and educational policy makers in formulation and preparation of entrepreneurship lesson plans and curriculum.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurship education
  • Edutainment
  • Affective learning domain
  • games

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