پیش‌درآمدی بر فرایند خلق بی‌بدیل (ناولتی) در توسعة اقتصادی و کارآفرینی

نوع مقاله: مقالات پژوهشی- کیفی

نویسنده

استاد دانشکده اقتصاد دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

ناول یا خلق ناب و بی‌بدیل، بنیانی‌ترین عامل توسعة اقتصادی و کارآفرینی است. با این‌حال، در بین اندیشمندان در زمینة فرایند خلق ناول در توسعة اقتصادی توافق نظر وجود ندارد، به‌گونه‌ای‌که شومپیتر از عبارت «غیرممکن» برای تبیین فرایند خلق ناولتی استفاده کرده است. نظر شومپیتر از این منظر صحیح است که موضوع (مقوله) یادشده در چارچوب عقل استدلالی یا تعریف مرسوم از علم نمی‌گنجد. با توجه به ضرورت خلق بی‌بدیل در تحقق و تسریع فرایند توسعه، پژوهش حاضر تبیین فرایند خلق بی‌بدیل در توسعة اقتصادی و کارآفرینی را در کانون توجه قرار داده است. براساس استدلال صورت‌گرفته در پژوهش، فرایند خلق بی‌بدیل مستلزم سه بنیان کلیدی است. این بنیان‌ها عبارت‌اند از: آزادی ذهن، تفاوت در قابلیت‌های ذهنی و نیاز به آموزش‌های منحصربه‌فرد و قدرت تخیل فرد. توصیه‌های سیاستی برگرفته از این بنیان‌ها در جمع‌بندی پژوهش می‌آید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A prelude to the Creation Process of novelty in Economic Development and Entrepreneurship

نویسنده [English]

  • Mahmoud Motvaseli
Professor, Faculty of Economic, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Novelty or the pure and unique creation is the profoundest item in economic development and entrepreneurship in every country. However, there is no consensus regarding the process of creation of novelty among economists so that “Schumpeter” used the term “impossible” to define this unknowable process because this subject cannot be described within the theoretical framework of orthodox conceptual rationality. Considering the importance and necessity of novelty creation for the process of development, this article attempts to explain the process of novelty creation in economic development and entrepreneurship. According to this paper, the process of novelty creation necessitates three key principles: mind freedom, individual differences in mental capabilities, need to unique training and imagination power of individuals. Policy recommendations are suggested in the conclusion sector

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • novelty
  • Rational mind
  • Economic Development
  • Entrepreneurship

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