شناسایی تأثیر هوش معنوی بر اشتیاق کارآفرینانه با نقش میانجی هویت ایده‌آل کارآفرینانه (مورد مطالعه: کارآفرینان مستقر در پارک‌های علم و فناوری شهر تهران)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی - کمی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکدة کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

پژوهش‌ها اهمیت اشتیاق کارآفرینانه را در شروع و استمرار رفتار کارآفرینانة افراد تأیید کرده‌اند، اما پژوهش‌های اندکی به بررسی علل شکل‌گیری اشتیاق کارآفرینانه و جست‌وجوی آن در ویژگی‌های درونی کارآفرینان پرداخته‌اند. در پژوهش حاضر، تأثیر هوش معنوی (متغیر مستقل) بر اشتیاق کارآفرینانه (شامل سه بعد اشتیاق ابداعی، تأسیسی و توسعه‌ای) با نقش میانجی مرکزیت هویت ایده‌آل کارآفرینانه مطالعه شده ‌است. این مطالعه با روش پیمایشی و با نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده از بین 120 نفر از کارآفرینان مستقر در پارک‌های علم و فناوری شهر تهران انجام گرفت. حجم نمونه براساس جدول کرجسی و مورگان تعیین شد و سرانجام 95 پرسشنامة صحیح جمع‌آوری شد. به‌منظور تجزیه ‌و تحلیل و بررسی فرضیه‌ها از روش مدل‌سازی معادله‌های ساختاری با روش حداقل مربعات و نرم‌افزار آماری SmartPLS استفاده شد. نتایج نشان می‌دهد هوش معنوی کارآفرینان بر اشتیاق کارآفرینانه و مرکزیت هویت ایده‌آل تأثیر مثبت و معناداری دارد و نقش میانجی مرکزیت هویت ایده‌آل در اشتیاق ابداعی و تأسیسی تأیید شد.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Examining the effect of spiritual intelligence on entrepreneurial passion with mediating role of ideal entrepreneurial identity (Case of Tehran science and technology parks)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Mobini Dehkordi 1
  • Mohammadhasan Mobaraki 1
  • Armin Khaleghi Forghani 2
1 Associate professor, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran
2 PhD Student, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Entrepreneurial passion has been shown to have important effect on starting and persistence of entrepreneurial behavior, however its causes has not yet been studied. This paper is aimed at investigating the effect of SQ on three types of passion including passion for inventing, founding and developing with the mediating role of ideal entrepreneurial identity centrality. This descriptive survey was conducted using the random sampling on 120 entrepreneurs of Tehran science and technology parks. The sample size have been calculated using Krejcie and Morgan table and 95 valid questionnaire were collected. Hypothesis testing were carried out through structural equation modeling using SmartPLS software. The results confirmed the effects of entrepreneur's SQ on entrepreneurial passion and the mediating role of ideal identity centrality in the relationship between SQ, inventing and developing passion.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • spiritual intelligence
  • Ideal entrepreneurial identity
  • Entrepreneurial passion

منابع

Amram, Y., & Dryer, C. (2008). "The integrated spiritual intelligence scale (ISIS): Development and preliminary validation". American Psychological Association Paper presented at the 116th Annual, Retrieved January, 25, 2010.

Baron, R. A. (2004). "The cognitive perspective: a valuable tool for answering entrepreneurship's basic “why” questions". Journal of business venturing, 19(2), 221-239.

Boyatzis, R. E., & Akrivou, K. (2006). "The ideal self as the driver of intentional change". Journal of Management Development, 25(7), 624-642.

Burke, P. J., & Stets, J. E. (2009). Identity theory: Oxford University Press.

Cardon, M. S., & Glauser, M. (2011). "Entrepreneurial Passion: Sources and Sustenance".

Cardon, M. S., Gregoire, D. A., Stevens, C. E., & Patel, P. C. (2013). "Measuring entrepreneurial passion: Conceptual foundations and scale validation". Journal of Business Venturing, 28(3), 373-396.

Cardon, M. S., Sudek, R., & Mitteness, C. (2009). "The impact of perceived entrepreneurial passion on angel investing". Frontiers of entrepreneurship research, 29(2), 1.

Cardon, M. S., Wincent, J., Singh, J., & Drnovsek, M. (2009). "The nature and experience of entrepreneurial passion". Academy of Management Review, 34(3), 511-532.

Cast, A. D. (2004). "Well-being and the transition to parenthood: An identity theory approach". Sociological Perspectives, 47(1), 55-78.

Chen, X.-P., Yao, X., & Kotha, S. (2009). "Entrepreneur passion and preparedness in business plan presentations: a persuasion analysis of venture capitalists' funding decisions". Academy of Management Journal, 52(1), 199-214.

Drnovsek, M., Cardon, M. S., & Murnieks, C. Y. (2009). Collective passion in entrepreneurial teams Understanding the entrepreneurial mind (pp. 191-215): Springer.

Emmons, R. A. (2000). "Is spirituality an intelligence? Motivation, cognition, and the psychology of ultimate concern". The International Journal for the psychology of Religion, 10(1), 3-26.

Farmer, S. M., Yao, X., & Kung‐Mcintyre, K. (2011). "The behavioral impact of entrepreneur identity aspiration and prior entrepreneurial experience". Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35(2), 245-273.

Grichnik, D., Smeja, A., & Welpe, I. (2010). "The importance of being emotional: How do emotions affect entrepreneurial opportunity evaluation and exploitation?". Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 76(1), 15-29.

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate data analysis (Vol. 6): Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Hitlin, S. (2011). Values, personal identity, and the moral self Handbook of identity Theory and research (pp. 515-529): Springer.

Hoang, H., & Gimeno, J. (2010). "Becoming a founder: How founder role identity affects entrepreneurial transitions and persistence in founding". Journal of Business Venturing, 25(1), 41-53.

Judge, W. Q., & Douglas, T. J. (2013). "Entrepreneurship as a leap of faith". Journal of management, spirituality & religion, 10(1), 37-65.

Kauanui, S. K., Thomas, K. D., Rubens, A., & Sherman, C. L. (2010). "Entrepreneurship and spirituality: A comparative analysis of entrepreneurs’ motivation". Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 23(4), 621-635.

Kauanui, S. K., Thomas, K. D., Sherman, C. L., Waters, G. R., & Gilea, M. (2008). "Exploring entrepreneurship through the lens of spirituality". Journal of management, spirituality & religion, 5(2), 160-189.

King, D. B., & DeCicco, T. L. (2009). "A viable model and self-report measure of spiritual intelligence".

McCall, G. J., & Simmons, J. L. (1966). "Identities and interactions".

Murnieks, C. Y. (2007). Who am I? The quest for an entrepreneurial identity and an investigation of its relationship to entrepreneurial passion and goal-setting. (Doctoral Dissertation), University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.

Murnieks, C. Y., Mosakowski, E., & Cardon, M. S. (2012). "Pathways of passion: identity centrality, passion, and behavior among entrepreneurs". Journal of Management.

Shane, S., Locke, E. A., & Collins, C. J. (2003). "Entrepreneurial motivation". Human resource management review, 13(2), 257-279.

Stets, J. E., & Serpe, R. T. (2013). Identity theory: Springer.

Vallerand, R. J. (2008). "On the psychology of passion: In search of what makes people's lives most worth living". Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 49(1), 1.

Vaughan, F. (2002). "What is spiritual intelligence?". Journal of humanistic psychology, 42(2), 16-33.

Winnen, C. J. (2005). To be or not to be: The role of passion and obsession in the entrepreneurial process. University of St. Thomas (Saint Paul, Minn.).

Zohar, D. (2012). Spiritual intelligence: The ultimate intelligence: Bloomsbury Publishing.