تحلیل آثار سیاست‌های پولی و مالی بر کارآفرینی (با تأکید بر بخش زنان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی - کمی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد بین‌الملل، دانشکدة علوم اقتصادی و اداری، دانشگاه مازندران

2 کارشناس ارشد علوم اقتصادی، عضو گروه پژوهشی اقتصاد جهاد دانشگاهی، واحد تربیت مدرس

چکیده

مؤلفة کارآفرینی یکی از شاخص­های تأثیرگذار بر رشد اقتصادی کشورها و از جمله عواملی است که سیاستگذاران اقتصادی به آن توجه دارند. البته در بررسی مؤلفة کارآفرینی باید توجه داشت که این مفهوم به دو بخش کارآفرینی مردان و زنان تمایز داده می‌شود. به‌همین منظور هدف اصلی مقالة حاضر، بررسی رابطة بین کارآفرینی زنان با رشد اقتصادی و سیاست­های پولی و مالی است و اینکه متغیرهای مذکور چه آثاری را بر کارآفرینی زنان به‌جای می‌گذارند؛ بنابراین با استفاده از مدل­های رشد اقتصادی و رهیافت داده­های تابلویی در بازة زمانی 2002 تا 2007، نحوة ارتباط بین متغیر کارآفرینی زنان با سایر متغیرهای کلان اقتصادی آزمون شد. نتایج محاسبه­های تحقیق بیانگر رابطة مثبت و معنی­دار بین متغیر کارآفرینی و سیاست­های پولی و مالی است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد با اعمال سیاست مالی انبساطی  (افزایش یک درصدی)، حدود 5234/1 درصد به شاخص کارآفرینی زنان افزوده می­شود. همچنین، افزایش یک درصدی در متغیرهای حجم پول (سیاست پولی انبساطی) و تولید ناخالص داخلی (رشد اقتصادی) به‌ترتیب به اندازة 1947/0 و 1505/0 درصد شاخص کارآفرینی زنان را افزایش می‌دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis the Effects of Fiscal and Monetary Policies on Entrepreneurship (With Focus on Women)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Iman Cheratian 1
  • Saeed Ghorbani 2
1 International Economics Ph.D Student, University of Mazandaran, Faculty of Economics & Administrative Science, Babolsar, Iran * Faculty of Economics Group in ACECR, Branch of Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 2- M.A. in Economics, membership of Economics Group in ACECR, Branch of Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Entrepreneurship, as one of the factors affecting economic growth, is also considered among the key factors by economic policymakers. However, in examining the issue of entrepreneurship, it should be noted that women’s and men’s entrepreneurship can be considered as two distinct and separate phenomena. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to investigate the relationship between women's entrepreneurship and economic growth, monetary and fiscal policies and how mentioned variables would affect women (female) entrepreneurs. For this purpose, the relationship between the variables of women's entrepreneurship and other macroeconomic variables has been tested using panel data approach in the time period of 2002 to 2007. The results of this study indicated that there is a positive and meaningful correlation between the entrepreneurship variable and macroeconomic policies. The results show that the expansionary fiscal policy (increased 1 percent), about the size of 1.5234 percent, the index of women entrepreneurship (TEA) is added. The one percent increase in the monetary variable (expansionary monetary policy) and economic growth in order to increase the size of 0.1947 and 0.1505 percent of women entrepreneurship.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • women's entrepreneurship
  • economic growth
  • monetary policy
  • Fiscal Policy
  • panel data approach

 

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