Entrepreneurship Motivation Index Development in Iran's Entrepreneurial Ecosystem via System Dynamics Approach

Document Type : Research Paper


1 university of shiraz

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Economy, Management and Social Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

3 Professor, Faculty of Economy, Management and Social Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

4 The Center of Agriculture and Natural Resources Research of Fars Province, Shiraz, Iran.


The purpose of this study is to identify the factors affecting entrepreneurship motivation index (i.e. the ratio of improvement-driven motivation to necessity motivation) in order to design to improve policies it in Iran's entrepreneurial ecosystem. This research is applied and developmental in terms of purpose. To achieve the above goal, this study presented a systemic model of the dynamics of entrepreneurship motivation index in Iran’s entrepreneurial ecosystem using system dynamics (SD) method. In this regard, the data of Iran's Entrepreneurship Ecosystem in the period 2008-2018 were collected from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) and Global Entrepreneurship Index (GEI) reports. Then, causal relationships between variables were designed and simulated in stock and rate diagrams by Vensim DSS software. Finally, according to the validated systematic model based on various tests, the results indicated that policies to improve economic complexity, corruption control, R&D share of GDP, rule of law, business freedom, financial market efficiency, tax index, competition, and the complexity of business strategies had an effective role in increasing the entrepreneurship motivation index. The Iranian entrepreneurship policy makers could benefit from these results to identify the barriers in the way of entrepreneurship motivation index policy-making and choose the appropriate policies of entrepreneurship motivation index development in Iran.


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