Explain the role of university green entrepreneurial orientation in shaping the green creativity of entrepreneurial students

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Public Administration - Human Resources, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mazandaran, Iran.

2 Department of Public Administration, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mazandaran, Iran.


Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of mindfulness training on reducing psychological distress and improving well-being among healthcare professionals.
Methods: This study was conducted as a randomized controlled trial with a pretest-posttest design. The participants were 100 healthcare professionals who were randomly assigned to either the mindfulness training group or the control group. The mindfulness training group received an eight-week mindfulness-based stress reduction program, while the control group received no intervention. The participants completed measures of psychological distress and well-being at baseline and post-intervention. Data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and independent samples t-tests.
Findings: The results showed that the mindfulness training group had significantly lower levels of psychological distress and higher levels of well-being compared to the control group at post-intervention. Specifically, the mindfulness training group had significant improvements in measures of anxiety, depression, stress, and emotional exhaustion, as well as significant increases in measures of happiness, life satisfaction, and resilience.
Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that mindfulness training can be an effective intervention for reducing psychological distress and improving well-being among healthcare professionals. Given the high levels of stress and burnout experienced by healthcare professionals, this intervention may be an important tool for promoting their mental health and resilience. Thus, mindfulness training should be considered as a part of healthcare professionals' continuing education programs and workplace wellness initiatives. 


Main Subjects

Ahvari, H., Divandai, A., esfidani, M. R., & Ekhlassi, A. (2022). User Entrepreneure: Motivate, Social and Human capital (Case Study: Kickstarter). Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 14(4), 561-579. Doi: 10.22059/jed.2021.323388.653661 (In Persian)
Al Hosani, K. A., van Ewijk, A. R., & Hussain, M. (2021). Determinants of employee creative behavior in the UAE public sector. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management.8 (3), 396-403.
Alvarez-Risco, A., Mlodzianowska, S., García-Ibarra, V., Rosen, M. A., & Del-Aguila-Arcentales, S. (2021). Factors Affecting Green Entrepreneurship Intentions in Business University Students in COVID-19 Pandemic Times: Case of Ecuador. Sustainability, 13(11), 6447-6463 .
Amrutha, V. N., & Geetha, S. N. (2021). Linking organizational green training and voluntary workplace green behavior: Mediating role of green supporting climate and employees’ green satisfaction. Journal of Cleaner Production, 290, 125-143.
Andarvazh, A., Albo Naeini, A., Ebrahim, A., Rezaei, L., Ataf, Z., & Iman, M. (2020). The effect of green education on green citizenship behavior with the moderating role of green management performance, green creativity, and green employee engagement in a hospital. Health Care Manager, 10(4), 103-112(In persian).
Bahmani, A., Mousavi Davoudi, S. M., & Vaezi, M. (2018). Investigating the Role of Green Entrepreneurship Orientation in Increasing the Performance of Agricultural Jihad Organization. Journal of Entreneurship and Agriculture, 5(10), 45-54. (In persian)
Bandura, A. (2006). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents, 5(1), 307-337.
Bhutto, T. A., Farooq, R., Talwar, S., Awan, U., & Dhir, A. (2020). Green inclusive leadership and green creativity in the tourism and hospitality sector: serial mediation of green psychological climate and work engagement. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 29(10), 1-22.
Chen, Y. S., Chang, C. H., & Lin, Y. H. (2014). Green Transformational leadership and green performance: The mediation effects of green mindfulness and green self-efficacy. Sustainability, 6(10), 6604-6621.
Chen, Y. S., Chang, C. H., Yeh, S. L., & Cheng, H. I. (2015). Green shared vision and green creativity: The mediation roles of green mindfulness and green self-efficacy. Quality & Quantity, 49(3), 1169-1184.
Faramarzi, H., HajiYakhchali, A., & Shehniyailagh, M. (2016). Simple and Multiple Relationships of Motivational Orientations with Crea-tive Self-Efficacy in Students of Third Year of High School. Research in School and Virtual Learning, 3(12), 17-26. (In Persian)
Farooq, R., Zhang, Z., Talwar, S., & Dhir, A. (2021). Do green human resource management and self-efficacy facilitate green creativity? A study of luxury hotels and resorts. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 30(4), 824-845.
Geng, Y., Liu, K., Xue, B., & Fujita, T. (2013). Creating a “green university” in China: a case of Shenyang University. Journal of Cleaner Production, 61, 13-19.
Gong, Y., Huang, J. C., & Farh, J. L. (2009). Employee learning orientation, transformational leadership, and employee creativity: The mediating role of employee creative self-efficacy. Academy of management Journal, 52(4), 765-778.
Green, K. M., Covin, J. G., & Slevin, D. P. (2008). Exploring the relationship between strategic reactiveness and entrepreneurial orientation: The role of structure–style fit. Journal of Business Venturing, 23(3), 356-383.
Guo, Y., Wang, L., & Chen, Y. (2020). Green entrepreneurial orientation and green innovation: The mediating effect of supply chain learning. SAGE Open, 10(1), 1-13.
Habib, M. A., Bao, Y., & Ilmudeen, A. (2020). The impact of green entrepreneurial orientation, market orientation and green supply chain management practices on sustainable firm performance. Cogent Business & Management, 7(1), 516-530.
Iqbal, Q., Hassan, S. H., Akhtar, S., & Khan, S. (2018). Employee’s green behavior for environmental sustainability: a case of banking sector in Pakistan. World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development.15 (2), 118-130
Jiang, W., Chai, H., Shao, J., & Feng, T. (2018). Green entrepreneurial orientation for enhancing firm performance: A dynamic capability perspective. Journal of cleaner production, 198, 1311-1323.
Kautish, P., & Sharma, R. (2019). Value orientation, green attitude and green behavioral intentions: an empirical investigation among young consumers. Young Consumers.20 (4), 338-358
Li, W., Bhutto, T. A., Xuhui, W., Maitlo, Q., Zafar, A. U., & Bhutto, N. A. (2020). Unlocking employees’ green creativity: The effects of green transformational leadership, green intrinsic, and extrinsic motivation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 255, 120-139.
Li, X., Yang, J., Liu, H., & Zhuang, X. (2021). Entrepreneurial orientation and green management in an emerging economy: The moderating effects of social legitimacy and ownership type. Journal of Cleaner Production, 316, 456-468.
Lita, R. P., Surya, S., Ma’Ruf, M., & Syahrul, L. (2014). Green attitude and behavior of local tourists towards hotels and restaurants in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 20, 261-270.
Luu, T. T. (2021). Green creative behavior in the tourism industry: the role of green entrepreneurial orientation and a dual-mediation mechanism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 29(8), 1290-1318.
Maas, S., Schuster, T., & Hartmann, E. (2014). Pollution prevention and service stewardship strategies in the third‐party logistics industry: Effects on firm differentiation and the moderating role of environmental communication. Business Strategy and the Environment, 23(1), 38-55
.Mivehchi, C., Vaezaltiyan Shahriari, L., & Jamshidi, J. (2019). The role of green entrepreneurship on environmental performance "based on self-organization model". New Research Approaches in Management and Accounting, 3(25), 59-71.(In Persian).
Mohiuddin, M., Al Mamun, A., Syed, F. A., Mehedi Masud, M., & Su, Z. (2018). Environmental knowledge, awareness, and business school students’ intentions to purchase green vehicles in emerging countries. Sustainability, 10(5), 1534-1552
Muangmee, C., Dacko-Pikiewicz, Z., Meekaewkunchorn, N., Kassakorn, N., & Khalid, B. (2021). Green Entrepreneurial Orientation and Green Innovation in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs). Social Sciences, 10(4), 136-155.
Naz, F., Oláh, J., Vasile, D., & Magda, R. (2020). Green purchase behavior of university students in Hungary: an empirical study. Sustainability, 12(23), 10077.
Ogbeibu, S., Senadjki, A., Emelifeonwu, J., Gaskin, J., & Pereira, V. (2021). Augmenting environmental sustainability through the exchange of green creative ideas–evidence from an emerging economy. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 26, 275-287.
Qazi, W., Qureshi, J. A., Raza, S. A., Khan, K. A., & Qureshi, M. A. (2020). Impact of personality traits and university green entrepreneurial support on students' green entrepreneurial intentions: the moderating role of environmental values. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education.13 (4). 1154-1180
Sabokro, M., Masud, M. M., & Kayedian, A. (2021). The effect of green human resources management on corporate social responsibility, green psychological climate and employees’ green behavior. Journal of Cleaner Production, 318, 664-679.
Soomro, B. A., Ghumro, I. A., & Shah, N. (2020). Green entrepreneurship inclination among the younger generation: An avenue towards a green economy. Sustainable Development, 28(4), 585-594.
Tian, H., Zhang, J., & Li, J. (2020). The relationship between pro-environmental attitude and employee green behavior: the role of motivational states and green work climate perceptions. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27(7), 7341-7352.
Wiernik, B. M., Ones, D. S., Dilchert, S., & Klein, R. M. (2018). Individual antecedents of pro-environmental behaviours: Implications for employee green behaviours. Research handbook on employee pro-environmental behaviour, 63-82.
Yi, G. (2021). From green entrepreneurial intentions to green entrepreneurial behaviors: The role of university entrepreneurial support and external institutional support. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 17(2), 963-979.
Ying, M., Faraz, N. A., Ahmed, F., & Raza, A. (2020). How does servant leadership foster employees’ voluntary green behavior? A sequential mediation model. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(5), 1792-1809.