The Impact of Entrepreneurial Teams Heterogeneity on the Performance of Businesses Active in Tehran Information Technology Industry: The Modifying Role of Shared leadership

Document Type : Research Paper


1 professor, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran

3 PhD Student in Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran


Entrepreneurial teams are one of the driving forces in IT industry businesses, and team heterogeneity is the biggest challenge and also the biggest opportunity for business owners and has a positive effect on the performance results of businesses. However, little research has been done in the field of information technology on how the types of heterogeneity of entrepreneurial teams affect business performance. Therefore, considering the importance of the subject, in this study, we first dealt with the typology of heterogeneity (diversity) of entrepreneurial teams. Then, the effects of these heterogeneities (information, social and value) on the performance of IT industry businesses and the moderating role of participatory leadership in this regard were examined. This research is of applied type and in terms of research method is from the descriptive-correlation branch. The measurement tool is a questionnaire that has been tested by 100 randomly active business leaders in the information technology industry in Tehran, which were set up and managed as a team, by random sampling method. The data obtained from this study were analyzed using path analysis and PLS software. Cronbach's alpha for all structures was higher than 0.7 and the mean value of variance extracted was higher than 0.5 and the validity and reliability of the structures were confirmed. According to the research results, educational heterogeneity among the variables of information heterogeneity, age heterogeneity among the variables of social heterogeneity and belief heterogeneity among the variables of value heterogeneity have the highest path of impact on the performance of businesses in the field of information technology. Findings from the study of the moderating role of Shared leadership also confirm the positive adjustment effects of this variable.
Keywords: Heterogeneity of entrepreneurial teams, Business performance, Shared leadership


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