Institutional Barriers to Venture Capital Investment in Iran: A study to explore the incentives of investment in technology based small firms

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Full professor, faculty of economics, university of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, Iran

2 PhD candidate in Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, faculty of entrepreneurship management, university of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

4 Associate Professor, faculty of entrepreneurship management, university of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Venture capital (VC) investment is an important tool for financing the technology based small firms (TBSF). However, the lack of incentives to invest in such firms has prevented the development of VC industry in Iran. Since the institutions create frameworks that shape the incentives and behavior of economic actors, the current study has adopted institutional approach to answer the question: “Which institutions decrease incentives to venture capital investment in TBSFs, and how?” Therefore, this research is applied in terms of purpose, and to answer the mentioned question, has used qualitative grounded theory research method (Glaisarian approach). The statistical population includes VC fund managers, TBSF managers, policy makers and academic experts, 29 of which were selected in a purposive-theoretical sampling. Data were collected and analyzed through conducting semi-structured interviews. The research finding suggest that 5 defective investment stream decrease the incentives to invest in innovation. Institutions such as information disclosure, tax regulations, financial markets (specifically banks), inflation, labor regulations, property rights, law enforcement and several other socio-cultural institutions are critically important in shaping that defective investment streams. Finally it is recommended that policy makers reform institutions rather than direct interventionist policies


Main Subjects

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