Recognizing and Modeling Facilitator Characteristics on Rreflective Learning in Habitual Entrepreneurs

Document Type : Research Paper



Entrepreneurial learning is one of the most important focuses of entrepreneurship literature. Since entrepreneurs always have a pragmatic personality, they tend to reflectively learn from their own and others’ experiences. Reflective learning as a cognitive process roots in individuals’ personality characteristics. Therefore, it is important to know which of these personalities’ characteristics positively facilitate entrepreneurs’ reflective learning. Identifying and highlighting these personality traits can, in turn, facilitate designing an effective educational framework for developing entrepreneurs’ reflective learning ability. In order to reach this objective, the current study sought to answer to this question that “which Characteristics habitual entrepreneurs need to possess in order to learn reflectively?”. Further to this question, the current study explored the interdependencies amongst those personality traits highlighting the cause-and-effect relationships amongst them. Using semi-structured interviews and Interactive Management (IM) methods, 25 habitual Iranian entrepreneurs were engaged with this research and shared their thoughts and experienced with each other in a highly focused and structured system of collective intelligence brainstorming. The results of the current study indicate that ‘Positivity’, ‘Structured Mindset’, and ‘Job engagement’ are the most effective and influential personality traits which positively affect and facilitate reflective learning in entrepreneurs. The practical and theoretical implications of these findings are outlined in the manuscript.
Keywords: entrepreneur's reflective learning, characteristics, facilitator characteristics, habitual entrepreneurs.


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