The impact of background factors on entrepreneurial intention of Iran students, with concentration of students' ethnicity

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor, Management Department, Management and Economic Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran

2 PhD Candidate, International Marketing Management, Management and Economic Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran

3 Master of International Marketing Management, Management and Economic Faculty, Tarbiat Modarres University, Iran


Recently, investigation of the entrepreneurial intention of university researchers has been considerable interesting. The goal of this research is analysis and compare of background factors on entrepreneurship intention with focus of student’s ethnicity. Background factors in three factors, personal, academic and family, by 14 questions and the intention were assessed with four questions. The research method is practical and based on information gathering is descriptive- correlation. The population is all of the students of country. The face validity and reliability of the questionnaire was designed with 0.8 were approved. The questionnaires were completed by 2500 students and the method of clustering among students of Tehran, Isfahan, Yazd and Zanjan. Based on output of SPSS 16 software, the results showed that the gender, married, student's degree and mother's self-employed have not role of entrepreneurial intention. Other hand the Kurd and the Turk students, Science- Applied, Arts, Engineering and medical students with self-employed fathers and mothers educated to higher levels of intention. Base on regression test, the predictability of intention by component of families earning is higher than other factors. Moreover, father's education, student's degree, father's entrepreneurial and family income have more impact, with appropriate significant, on intention of students.


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