Explanation of the Entrepreneurial Behavior Based on Religious Concept of Shakeleh (Manner)

Document Type : Research Paper


Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


In this paper, first, the concept of value-based and religious entrepreneurship and also entrepreneurial behavior from Islamic viewpoint have been studied. The most important factor affecting this behavior from Islam perspective is "Shakeleh" (Manner) in the Holly Quran (Surah Al-Isra, 85): Say, Each work according to his Shakeleh (Manner), but your Lord is most knowing of who is best guided in this way). Second, the role of Shakeleh (Manner) in the entrepreneurial behavior has been investigated and a new Shakeleh-based behavioral model has been presented. The method of qualitative content analysis has been applied to explain the behavior based on religious data. The results show that a change in Shakeleh leads to a permanent change in entrepreneurial behavior. Accordingly any change in Shakeleh depends on the change in the minds and spirit which also depends on the religious faith.